As the industrial revolution continued, so did scientific developments. Athletes and technicians alike sought to develop better equipment and train systematically to reach their physical maximum. New sports and games were created to fit these specifications. By the late 17th century, quantitative standards were gaining prominence, and the concept of a sports record developed. Though the term record first appeared in English in the late nineteenth century, the term is actually more than two hundred years old. Athletes were increasingly motivated to beat each other, and the idea of a sport record became increasingly important.

In addition to helping the body stay active and reduce stress, sports also teach children important life skills. As well as fostering a healthy body image, participation in sports teaches children to get along with others and work as a team. Sports also improve self-esteem, which ultimately leads to a better quality of life. Positive self-esteem is essential for success in life. Therefore, sports participation can help a child become more independent and confident. They will also be less likely to use drugs or be depressed when they’re older.

French people played a major role in the development and dissemination of modern sports. For example, they popularized tennis, which originated in Renaissance France. In the 19th century, Frenchmen took the lead in developing the bicycle, and made cycling races popular. In 1869, the Paris-Rouen race was held, and in 1903, they instituted the Tour de France. This event inspired the Giro d’Italia in the same year.